Some thoughts on the transformation and upgrading of my country's wire and cable industry


Release time:

2016-04-19

China is the world's largest wire and cable producer, ranking first in the world with an annual output value of 700 billion. The wire and cable industry is developing rapidly and its supporting role in the industrial economy is becoming increasingly obvious. According to data, in the past decade or so, the output value of the wire and cable industry has grown by more than 15% annually. Affected by the financial crisis, the rapid growth of wires and cables has been slowed down. Investment in some emerging industries such as polysilicon has been overheated, which has also sounded the alarm on the repeated construction of the wire and cable industry. Alarm bell, industry transformation and upgrading is imperative, so what does the transformation and upgrading of the wire and cable industry rely on? Paying attention to the improvement of "soft power" is the key. "Soft power" has become the soul of corporate competitiveness and the true core competitiveness of enterprises.

  China is the world's largest wire and cable producer, ranking first in the world with an annual output value of 700 billion. The wire and cable industry is developing rapidly and its supporting role in the industrial economy is becoming increasingly obvious. According to data, in the past decade or so, the output value of the wire and cable industry has grown by more than 15% annually. Affected by the financial crisis, the rapid growth of wires and cables has been slowed down. Investment in some emerging industries such as polysilicon has been overheated, which has also sounded the alarm on the repeated construction of the wire and cable industry. Alarm bell, industry transformation and upgrading is imperative, so what does the transformation and upgrading of the wire and cable industry rely on? Paying attention to the improvement of "soft power" is the key. "Soft power" has become the soul of corporate competitiveness and the true core competitiveness of enterprises.

  First, standards are our shortcomings

  Standards are not only the comprehensive performance of product technology, but also the technical means of competitive strategy. When we compete with the world's manufacturing powers, when we begin to turn our attention to the global economy, when there is structural excess in domestic manufacturing capacity and many large-scale enterprises begin to enter foreign markets, we find that in addition to one thing in the foreign economic system In addition to a series of trade protection barriers, technical barriers are often set up through the formulation of technical standards. Technical barriers also cost us enough production costs and marketing costs. After calculation, we may still earn the hard-earned money of labor. To enter the U.S. market, you must pass UL certification, and to go to Europe, you must comply with EU standards; there is even a certain European industrial standards agency that revise the standards every two years and then launch a new version, with the clear purpose of making you develop around them. Standard transfer. This is the stone from his mountain.

  Unlike China, Western countries are a country with complete private ownership. The predecessor of the "IEC" standard was originally the product of a single business owner.

  It’s just that they had a strategic awareness of market competition and international competition earlier. The awakening of consciousness is one of the important factors in ethnic and regional differences. We are not opposed to multinational companies coming to compete in China, but we also need to learn technological strategies to compete with them. If China's own large-scale international bidding projects also set technical terms that comply with "GB", future market competitive advantages will be clearly reflected. The key to the problem is that our standards are far unable to keep up with the changing needs of emerging industries and emerging markets. A large number of cutting-edge products with industrial development prospects such as wind power, nuclear power, photovoltaic composites, and smart grids do not have the early intervention of the "GB" standard. The relationship between the market and enterprises is like water and fish. Although we are also familiar with the possibility of market changes in standards, we do not need to complain about whether "GB" can keep up with the pace of China's economic development. For the huge market of wires and cables, and to lay a good foundation for China's wire and cable economy to integrate into the global market, We need more awareness of standards competition and national responsibility.

  Second, focus on independent innovation and strengthen patent awareness

  Patents and innovation awareness are concrete manifestations of soft power. Our country is still in the middle stage of industrialization and is facing new challenges in its innovation capabilities.

  At present, domestic companies have relatively few high-value invention patents and more utility model patents. However, the patents often applied for by multinational groups are generally invention patents, which shows the gap between domestic companies and multinational groups. In addition, data show that if calculated on a per capita basis, my country's patents are only about 0.14 of those of developed countries. It can be seen that it is necessary for us to improve patent applications.

  Under normal circumstances, key companies that rank high in the industry have a relatively fast increase in patent data, and their technological advantages are also clearly highlighted. On the contrary, during the operation process, enterprises that do not pay attention to the protection of intellectual property rights will encounter many difficulties in safeguarding their rights. It is worth noting that enterprises should take into account the current status of products in the cable industry, broaden their scientific and technological horizons, and pay attention to the world. The source of independent technology innovation in the wire and cable industry, integrates information resources, and spares no effort to promote technological innovation, so as to have more independent patented technologies and patented products.

  At the same time, patented technology is organically combined with production to improve the conversion rate of patented results. Patented technology will eventually be transformed into productivity, effectively improving the competitiveness of enterprises.

  Integrating industry, academia and research and strengthening the construction of talent teams. For the development of wire and cable enterprises, technology is the support and talent is the key. It is necessary to strengthen the construction of innovative talent teams. Only by taking science and technology as the core driving force and important starting point can we effectively transform the mode of economic development and win the initiative in future development. If technological innovation is the life of enterprise development, then talent is the driving force of technological innovation.

  At present, there is a serious shortage of technical and comprehensive talents with good comprehensive quality in the cable industry. The reason is that many companies want to put talents to use as soon as they are available, but rarely pay attention to the cultivation of talents. The brain drain has seriously affected the pace of the wire and cable industry's entry into the international market. For college students who have just graduated from the cable major, they have indeed learned a lot of theoretical knowledge, but because they have not had much contact with reality, after entering the factory, they often seem to be in a hurry when dealing with practical problems, and they often make many wrong analysis and judgments. The company will artificially cause certain losses to the company. At this time, the company will feel that this person is not strong and has limited abilities, and will no longer give him room for improvement and no longer let him go as a training target in important positions, which is not conducive to the growth of talents; There are also technical personnel whose abilities cannot be fully utilized in their positions, leaders interfere too much, and their enthusiasm and creativity for technological innovation are significantly weakened. There are many similar situations in the industry. There are often gaps in technical talent. In particular, there are very few subject leaders with high technical R&D hands-on abilities, as well as scientific research management talents with both scientific research and development capabilities and strong organizational and coordination capabilities.

  In the process of business operation, it is found that the disconnect between scientific research and production is a common problem for enterprises. The fundamental reason is that the interest orientations of the two major departments of scientific research and production are inconsistent, which leads to the lack of a common language between R&D units and enterprises, and they often feel that they are "playing the piano" with each other. In essence, it is also a test of the communication ability of comprehensive talents. , if everyone communicates well, the goals are actually the same, and new products are developed. It can be seen that the ability of talents is reflected in every detail, and how important the comprehensive quality of talents is.

  It is especially important to target the market, increase the construction of industry-university-research cooperation system, and accelerate the industrialization process of major projects. Enterprises should cooperate with well-known industry research institutes, scientific research schools and other units, adopt a deep integration mechanism, and establish a scientific and technological resource sharing mechanism. In this way, scientific research institutes and enterprises can give full play to their respective advantages, collaborate with each other, build a core R&D team, and fully absorb and utilize International innovation resources make product technology more advantageous in the world, add new impetus to the scientific and technological development of enterprises, take new steps in adjusting the industrial structure, and promote my country's cable technology industry to catch up with and surpass the world's advanced level.

  Third, advocate green environmental protection and reuse of cable materials

  Promote the concept of "green production". The green concept is not only rooted in the minds of entrepreneurs, but also put into action. We strictly adhere to green production standards and integrate the concepts of green, environmental protection and safety into all aspects of product development, production and marketing. Among them, resources are limited, so we must develop a circular economy and contribute to building a conservation-oriented society.

  In the wire and cable industry, 5 million tons of waste are generated in the production process around the world every year. There are also long-term storage of cable products, and 10% of the piled quantity will be turned into waste, which not only causes pollution to the environment, but also greatly wastes natural resources. The rapidly growing GDP that mankind was once proud of has also been "significantly reduced" due to environmental pollution and climate change. Countries have called for a "green GDP" development model and statistical method. At present, the recycling of cable materials such as copper and aluminum The recycling rate of polyvinyl chloride and polyethylene is over 95%, while the recycling rate of polyvinyl chloride and polyethylene is only 3%.

  I remember that a few years ago, the annual academic meeting of the Wire and Cable Professional Committee of the China Electrotechnical Society was held. The wire and cable industry proposed the theme of "resource-saving, environmentally friendly, and contributing to society", focusing on circular economy, energy saving and consumption reduction, and green products. Demonstration was carried out from the perspective of design and other aspects.

  Through the company's own efforts over the past two years, it has achieved certain results in resource conservation. Low-smoke, halogen-free and environmentally friendly cables have been widely used, but there is still a long way to go in the future.

  We must focus on technological innovation and pay more attention to the sustainable use of raw materials and reduce environmental pollution, so as to effectively improve resource utilization and reduce costs; enable the healthy development of my country's renewable resource recycling and promote the development of a low-carbon economy. It can be predicted that whichever company does well in this regard will become the leader in the wire and cable industry soon.

  Transformation and social responsibility of private enterprises

  As we all know, from a global perspective, corporate values ​​have gone through three development stages: maximum profit values, business management values, and corporate social values. Today, the traditional values ​​of profit maximization are gradually being replaced by modern corporate values ​​of win-win with corporate society. Actively assume social responsibility and shift from simply focusing on prosperity and economic growth to focusing on overall social harmony and prosperity.

  The social responsibility of a company is not just charity. The social responsibility of a company is reflected in many aspects such as providing better products and services to the society, reducing energy consumption, being green and environmentally friendly, expanding employment opportunities, and building harmony together. The relationship between entrepreneurs and society is just like the relationship between China and the world. Enterprises that start from realizing wealth dreams and lead social trends will be generally recognized by society. Establishing the public image of entrepreneurs is conducive to establishing and promoting the cultural concepts and core values ​​of the enterprise, attracting talents and promoting the sustainable development of the enterprise. Don't forget, taking on social responsibility is also the "soft power" of an enterprise.

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